Pulmonary /Respiratory Disease

Best Respiratory or Lung Disease Specialist in East Delhi (Patparganj)

Dr. Ankit Tyagi is the best Pulmonary or Lungs Doctor in East Delhi (Patparganj). He is an experienced Doctor of Internal Medicine who can take care of respiratory disease in a better way & can help you with preventive medication.



Are you or someone you know struggling with shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing? These symptoms can be caused by a variety of pulmonary diseases that affect the lungs and respiratory system.

The impact of these conditions on patient’s lives can range from mild inconvenience to severe disability.

Here, we will delve into the basics of pulmonary disease – what it is, how it develops, common types of lung diseases – explore their effects on individuals’ quality of life and the role of the internist to manage the disease.

Join us as we uncover the intricacies of pulmonary disease and learn ways to manage its impact on daily living!


Lung disease is a broad term that covers a wide range of respiratory illnesses and conditions.

The symptoms of lung disease can vary depending on the underlying cause, but they often include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing
  • Wheezing

Shortness of breath is the most common symptom of lung disease. It can be caused by a variety of things, such as an obstruction in the airway or damage to the lungs.

Coughing is another common symptom, and it can be either dry or productive (meaning it brings up mucus).

Wheezing is a high-pitched whistling sound that occurs when breathing, and it is often caused by narrowed airways.

Other less common symptoms of lung disease include:

  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Clubbing (enlargement) of the fingers or toes

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see your doctor for a diagnosis.


There are many different causes of respiratory disease, and it is important to be aware of them in order to protect your health.

One of the most common causes is:

  • Exposure to harmful toxins or chemicals. These can come from a variety of sources, including cigarette smoke, industrial emissions, and household cleaners.
  • Another cause of the respiratory disease is chronic inflammation, which can be caused by conditions like asthma or allergies.
  • Infections are also a common cause, especially in young children.
  • Viruses and bacteria can both lead to respiratory illness, and it is important to take steps to prevent them from spreading.
  • Finally, genetics can also play a role in some cases of respiratory disease. If you have a family history of asthma or COPD, you may be more likely to develop these conditions yourself.

How lungs are affected

Respiratory diseases can have a significant effect on the lungs. In some cases, the lung tissue may be damaged, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly.

In other cases, the airways may be obstructed, making it difficult for air to flow through them. respiratory diseases can also cause inflammation in the lungs, which can make breathing difficult.


There are a number of potential complications that can arise from respiratory diseases. Pneumonia, for instance, is a common complication of both acute and chronic respiratory diseases.

Other complications can include bronchitis, lung abscess, and pneumothorax. Some of these conditions can be quite serious, and even life-threatening.

Treatment for respiratory diseases often focuses on alleviating symptoms and preventing complications.

Why see an internists or doctors of internal medicine

A doctor of internal medicine is better able to take care of lung disease than any other type of doctor for a number of reasons.

  • First, an internist is a primary care physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of multiple chronic disease. This means that they are familiar with the symptoms and course of many different types of lung disease.
  • In addition, internists have access to the latest treatments and research findings.
  • They are also trained in performing pulmonary function tests, which can help diagnose lung disease.
  • Finally, internists are usually part of a team of doctors who work together to provide comprehensive care for their patients. This team approach means that patients with lung disease can receive the best possible care.


Lung disease is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. It is estimated that lung disease kills more than 8 million people each year, accounting for one in every eight deaths.

The vast majority of these deaths are preventable. There are many things you can do to reduce your risk of developing lung disease.

  • If you smoke, quitting is the single most important thing you can do for your lungs. If you don’t smoke, don’t start.
  • Avoiding second-hand smoke is also important.

Other steps you can take to protect your lungs include:

  • Avoiding or limiting exposure to air pollution and other harmful chemicals
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Practicing yoga & breathing exercises
  • Getting vaccinated against influenza and pneumonia

By taking these steps, you can greatly reduce your risk of developing lung disease and improve your chances of living a long and healthy life.


The diagnosis of respiratory disease is a complex process that often involves multiple steps.

The first step is usually to identify the presence of a problem by taking a medical history and conducting a physical examination.

This may be followed by tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs to confirm the diagnosis.

Blood tests may also be used to check for infections or other conditions that could be causing the problem. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, treatment can begin.


Quitting smoking

Smoking is one of the leading causes of preventable death worldwide. Every year, tobacco smoking kills more than 8 million people, with hundreds of thousands of these deaths occurring in non-smokers who are exposed to second-hand smoke.

In addition to causing cancer, smoking damages nearly every organ in the body and contributes to a variety of other diseases.

The lungs are particularly vulnerable to the damaging effects of smoking. Tobacco smoke contains more than 7,000 chemicals, including at least 70 known to cause cancer.

These chemicals damage the airways and the small air sacs in the lungs called alveoli. This damage makes it difficult for oxygen to get into the blood and increases the risk of lung infections.

Cigarette smoking is responsible for more than 480,000 deaths per year in the United States, including more than 41,000 deaths from second-hand smoke exposure.

Smoking accounts for about 90% of all lung cancer deaths in men and almost 80% in women. It is also a major contributor to cardiovascular disease, including heart attacks and strokes.

It also increases your risk of infections and makes existing respiratory problems worse.

If you have a respiratory disease, quitting smoking is one of the best things you can do for your health.

There are many resources available to help you quit, so take advantage of them and make the commitment to quit today.


There are a variety of medications that can be used to treat lung disease. The specific medication that is prescribed will depend on the type of lung disease that is being treated.

Some common medications include bronchodilators, steroids, and antibiotics. Bronchodilators are typically used to treat asthma and other forms of bronchitis.

Steroids are often used to treat emphysema and other forms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Antibiotics may be prescribed for infections of the lungs, such as pneumonia.

In some cases, oxygen therapy may also be necessary.

Lung therapies

Lung therapies are treatments that help to improve lung function and quality of life for people with lung disease.

There are many different types of therapy, including pulmonary rehabilitation, oxygen therapy, and chest physiotherapy.

These therapies can help to relieve symptoms, improve fitness and exercise tolerance, and slow the progression of lung disease.

Home remedies & lifestyle changes recommended

There are a number of home remedies and lifestyle changes that are recommended to patients suffering from lung disease.

These include:

  • Quitting smoking
  • Avoiding exposure to second-hand smoke
  • Avoiding dusty environments
  • Exercising regularly

Additionally, patients are advised to eat a healthy diet and get plenty of rest.

Some specific foods that may help improve lung function include garlic, ginger, and turmeric.

While there is no cure for lung disease, these lifestyle changes can help improve symptoms and quality of life.

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